Runtime compile ES6+ in NodeJs with babel-register

babel-register is a library or rather plugin that transpile the ES6+ based javascript source files into ES5 on runtime (on the fly).

babel-register is a require hook, that will bind node’s require method and automatically transpile the file on the fly. This is not meant for production! It’s considered as a bad practice to compile the code this way. It’s far better to compile the code before deploying.

However this works quite well for development purposes.

Let’s install babel-register first:

npm install babel-register --save-dev


Create a simple index.js file:

console.log('Hello World');


Now create a sample.js file and  require index.js and  babel-register:



When you run the code using node sample.js you will see the output of index.js – “Hello World”.

node sample.js


Note: You can’t require (babel-register) in the same file that you want to compile, because Node is executing the file before Babel’s transpile.


Is it safe to use babel-register in production?

No. this can be used only for development purposes. If the babel-register is used in the production environment, there may be performance and latency related issues.  This is because, the source file will be transpiled on the fly and it may take considerable amount of time for the transpilation process. In order to avoid such issues, you have to use a compiled (or rather transpiled) javascript file for the production environment.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s